• October 18, 2021
causes of gum disease other than oral care

Even if you have good oral hygiene habits, other causes of gum disease can emerge that affect the health of your gums. Here’s a look at some other factors that may put your gums at risk for swelling, bleeding or infections.

Health Issues

Chronic diseases can cause inflammation in gums. Inflammation that continues for a long period of time can damage gum tissues. For example, diabetes and gum problems often go hand in hand because risks of infection are much higher and your mouth is teeming with bacteria.

Hormone Changes

During pregnancy or monthly cycles, fluctuations in hormones can be one of the causes to gum disease, leave your gums more susceptible to it. You may notice that gums are puffy or red and bleed a bit when brushing. Your teeth after pregnancy may feel looser than normal, but the condition should fix itself over time.


Check to see if any medication you are taking reduces the production of saliva. Bacteria is able to spread more easily in a dry mouth, which can lead to gum disease.

Smoking and Chewing Tobacco

In addition to affecting your overall long-term health, use of cigarettes, cigars, vaping with pens, chewing tobacco (loose and packets) can slow the natural healing process of gum tissue leaving you more prone to gum disease.


If you diet is deficient in vitamin c or high in sugar and carbohydrates, you’re more likely to have problems with your gum tissue.


Unfortunately, as we age, we are more susceptible to health conditions, including gum disease. 


For some people, gum disease is an issue that runs in their family. 

Crooked Teeth

Teeth that overlap can create spaces where it’s easier for plaque to build up and cause gum disease.

Improper Care

Some folks many need to get honest with themselves about how well they are really taking care of their teeth and gums. Check with your dentist to make sure you’re brushing and flossing correctly to eliminate plaque buildup.

Dentist Near Joliet, IL

Shorewood Family Dental Care can help identify what may be causing issues with your gums. Call 815-725-5991 or book an appointment online.